Language & Speech Therapy in Durham, Raleigh & Cary
Speech therapy is an intervention service that helps both children and adults to be better communicators. At Developmental Therapy Associates, speech pathologists evaluate a child’s overall communication in various areas of their speech and language skills. Our speech pathologists can help your child with articulation, apraxia, language development, social communication, fluent speech, and feeding/swallowing difficulties.
Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS):motor speech disorder that makes it
difficult for a child to speak due to challenges with learning and carrying out
complex sequenced movements necessary for intelligible speech
Signs of CAS:
Does not always say the word the same way every time
Distorts or changes sounds
Can say shorter words more clearly than longer words
Delayed expressive language, but normal receptive language
Difficulties with fine motor, reading, spelling, and writing
Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC): Includes all the ways someone communicates besides talking.
Gestures and facial expressions
Writing, drawing, spelling words
High tech communication devices with softwarde on an iPad or tablet to communicate
RECEPTIVE LANGUAGE: refers to the skills involved in understanding language
Signs of a voice disorder:
Struggles to identify common objects
Struggle to follow directions without multiple repetitions
Consistently misunderstands what is asked or said
Seems uninterested when people are speaking
EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE: refers to the skills involved in communicating ones thoughts, wants/needs, and feelings to others.
Signs of an expressive language disorder:
Struggling to put words together to formulate a thought or idea
Repeating or “echoing” another person’s words
Difficulty answering questions
Being unable to start or hold a conversation
PRAGMATIC LANGUAGE SKILLS: Pragmatics is the study of speaker-listener intentions and interactions, and all elements in the environment surrounding the message. It is often referred to as social language skills.
Signs of a pragmatic language disorder:
Difficulty with greetings
Inability to introduce or maintain topic
Struggling to make inferences or understand jokes
Difficulty taking turns in play or conversation
Trouble making eye contact when conversing with peers
Our Language Therapy Services in Raleigh & The Triangle Include…
What words mean. Some words have more than one meaning. For example, “star” can be a bright object in the sky or someone famous.
How to make new words. For example, we can say “friend,” “friendly,” or “unfriendly” and mean something different.
How to put words together. For example, in English we say, “Peg walked to the new store” instead of “Peg walk store new.”
What we should say at different times. For example, we might be polite and say, “Would you mind moving your foot?” But, if the person does not move, we may say, “Get off my foot!”
A language disorder may be spoken and/or written (reading and writing). It may also be receptive (understanding) and/or expressive (talking, reading, writing, or signing).
Signs of a language disorder:
Doesn’t smile or interact with others (birth–3 months)
Doesn’t babble (4–7 months)
Makes few sounds (7–12 months)
Does not use gestures (e.g., waving, pointing) (7–12 months)
Doesn’t understand what others say (7 months–2 years)
Says only a few words (12–18 months)
Doesn’t put words together to make sentences (1½–2 years)
Says fewer than 50 words (2 years)
Has trouble playing and talking with other children (2–3 years)
Has problems with early reading and writing skills
for example, may not show an interest in books or drawing (2½–3 years)